Foam or Caulk Small Gaps in Your Attic
Even though most of the gaps spilling warm air into your attic are buried under insulation, you might be able to find evidence of these gaps. Look for areas where the insulation is darkened. This is the result of filtering dusty air from the house. In cold weather, you may also see frosty areas in the insulation caused by warm, moist air condensing and then freezing as it hits the cold attic air. In warmer weather, you'll find water staining in these same areas. Although the insulation is dirty, it is still okay to use.
There's no need to remove and replace. After sealing the areas, just push the insulation back into place. If you have blown insulation, a small rake can be helpful to level it back into place.
Seal Small Gaps
Use expanding foam or caulk to seal the openings around plumbing vent pipes and electrical wires. Be sure to wear gloves and be careful not to get expanding foam on your clothes, as the foam is very sticky and nearly impossible to remove once it sets. When the foam or caulk is dry, cover the area again with insulation.
For additional details and images, download the Seal and Insulate DIY Guide (PDF, 12.8 MB).