What else should I look for when buying a room air conditioner?
Remember that bigger is not always better! Make sure your unit is properly sized. An oversized air conditioner is a less effective waste of energy and it does not provide better cooling. When installing your new unit, be sure to follow the instructions in the manual and use the included insulation materials. An improperly installed room AC leaks as much as a 6 sq. in. hole! For maximum savings, set the AC thermostat as high as is comfortable.
Room Air Conditioners with Variable Speed Technology
Consider purchasing a room air conditioner with variable speed compressor technology. In a conventional room air conditioner, the compressor works either at maximum capacity when the room thermostat calls for cooling or off when the desired temperature has been achieved, typically alternating frequently between full on and off. Room air conditioners with efficient variable speed compressors can vary the speed of the internal compressor motor in order to continuously control the temperature. As a result, the capability for efficient variable output allows a room air conditioner to quietly regulate the temperature and save a significant amount of energy during operation.
Properly Sized Room Air Conditioners
Room air conditioner sizing is all about matching the room size to the air conditioner size. A unit that is too big will be less effective and offer reduced air conditioner efficiency. Air conditioners remove both heat and humidity from the air. If the unit is too large, it will cool the room before it has a chance to remove the humidity. The result will be a room that's not very comfortable because cool, moist air will make the room feel damp and clammy.
The most energy efficient air conditioner is sized to the square footage of the space to be cooled. Getting the right size means getting the comfort and the energy efficiency right.
1. Determine the room's square footage
Determining the floor square footage of the area to be cooled takes simple math. Just use the following formulas.
9 in = .75 ft.
6 in = .5 ft.
3 in = .25 ft.
Always measure in feet, converting the inches to fractions of a foot
For example: 12 ft., 6 inches, is 12.5 ft.
Square and rectangular rooms:
Complex room shapes:
If the shape of your room is more complex, ask your sales associate where you plan to purchase your air conditioner to help you determine the square footage.
2. Find the correct cooling capacity for your room size
With the cooling capacity chart, find your room's square footage in the "Area To be Cooled (square feet)" column, then use the "Capacity Needed (BTUs per hour)" column to choose the correct cooling capacity for your room air conditioner. The capacities are calculated based on an 8-foot ceiling. If you have higher ceilings, you may want to select a room air conditioner with a higher CADR. Cooling capacity is shown in British thermal units (BTUs) per hour.
|Area To Be Cooled (square feet)||Capacity Needed (BTUs per hour)|
|100 up to 150||5,000|
|150 up to 250||6,000|
|250 up to 300||7,000|
|300 up to 350||8,000|
|350 up to 400||9,000|
|400 up to 450||10,000|
|450 up to 550||12,000|
|550 up to 700||14,000|
|700 up to 1,000||18,000|
|1,000 up to 1,200||21,000|
|1,200 up to 1,400||23,000|
|1,400 up to 1,500||24,000|
|1,500 up to 2,000||30,000|
|2,000 up to 2,500||34,000|
3. Adjust as necessary
Make any adjustments for the following circumstances:
If the room is heavily shaded, reduce capacity by 10 percent.
If the room is very sunny, increase capacity by 10 percent.
If more than two people regularly occupy the room, add 600 BTUs for each additional person.
If the unit is used in a kitchen, increase capacity by 4,000 BTUs.
Consider where you install the unit. If you are mounting an air conditioner near the corner of a room, look for a unit that can send the airflow in the right direction.
Consider selecting a room AC with a lower Global Warming Potential refrigerant. Room air conditioners use refrigerants. Refrigerants with lower global warming potential (GWP) for room air conditions include R-32 (HFC-32), R-454B, and R-290. Selecting an ENERGY STAR certified model with a lower GWP refrigerant means your product will have a much lower impact on the climate if the refrigerant is released into the environment. The GWP compares the warming power of a substance to an equivalent amount of CO2 (GWP = 1 for CO2). Some refrigerants are hydrofluorocarbon (HFC), which are powerful greenhouse gases with GWPs hundreds or thousands of times higher than CO2. While R-32 (HFC-32) and R-454B are HFCs, they are lower-GWP options for room air conditioners. Find room air conditioners that contain refrigerants with a lower impact on global warming here.
ENERGY STAR Most Efficient
Products that are recognized as ENERGY STAR Most Efficient deliver cutting edge energy efficiency along with the latest in technological innovation. They represent the very best for energy savings and environmental protection. Most Efficient room air conditioner models are low noise. Find Most Efficient room air conditioners here.
Be sure to look for the ENERGY STAR when shopping for a room air conditioner
Current Specification Effective Date: October 26, 2015
- Room air conditioners originally qualified for the ENERGY STAR label in October, 1996. ENERGY STAR certified room air conditioners are 10% more efficient than non-certified models.
Room Air Conditioners Key Product Criteria: ENERGY STAR