Avoiding Distribution Transformer Energy Waste
The use of lower-loss medium-voltage, liquid-immersed distribution transformers that go beyond the U.S. Department of Energy’s conservation standards can yield large energy and monetary savings over the units’ lifetime.
What constitutes a meaningful level of savings while still being cost effective?
Find out in the ENERGY STAR Guide to Buying Energy Efficient Distribution Transformers (PDF, 1021 KB)
This guide specifies energy efficiency criteria for distribution transformers by load factor, addresses the cost effectiveness of energy efficient transformers, and discusses regulatory and purchasing considerations, as well as procurement planning.
The guide applies to medium-voltage, liquid immersed distribution transformers, specifically:
|Capacity||10 kVA – 500 kVA single-phase;
2500 kVA three-phase
|Voltage||Input: 34.5 kV or less;
Output: 600 V or less
|BIL1||≤ 150 kV|
Who should use this guide?
The primary audience for the buying guide is utility purchasers, but the guide should also be useful to other purchasers of applicable transformer types, including military bases, corporate and college campuses, and solar and wind developers. In addition, utility regulators and energy efficiency advocates may find the document useful for defining what it means to purchase an energy-efficient distribution transformer.
1 Basic Impulse Insulation Level (BIL) is the measure of resistance to very large changes in voltage, like those from a lightning strike.